In the balance between control and facilitation, current customs require to apply technical improvements in risk assessment to ensure a good level of control without thereby be a stumbling block to a fluid international trade.
Why perform Risk Analysis?
Customs administrations are currently facing two major problems in relation to the growth of international trade. On the one hand, the increase in the volume of operations and, on the other hand, the impossibility of carrying out an exhaustive control in all of them due to the necessary fluidity in the trade.
Global trends in international trade call for the acceleration of customs procedures. Trade facilitation does not mean abandoning control by customs administrations, but rather that in order to satisfy import and export companies it is necessary to have a more agile and transparent service, using risk management strategies that allow determining the zones of critical control. To accomplish this, the application of methodologies and tools that improve control are proposed while maintaining an adequate level of facilitation.
Characteristics of the Problematic
The characterization of risks is something that changes frequently, so it is necessary to design a solution that can accompany these changes with the same fluidity, and without having to change the support programming.
Another important aspect is knowing where the knowledge created is stored. For this, it is necessary that said knowledge be explicitly expressed in order to review it and keep it present.
It is also important to place the problem within a global context, which is why we rely on the WCO’s recommendations, which consist of a set of principles and standards called SAFE Framework of Standards.